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National Taiwan Museum Special Publication Series, No. 11, 86 pp., April 2001

An annotated checklist of brachyuran crabs from Taiwan (Crustacea: Decapoda)

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Peter K. L. Ng, Chia-Hsiang Wang, Ping-Ho Ho & Hsi-Te Shih

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      An annotated checklist of the brachyuran crabs known thus far from Taiwan, together with citations, is compiled. The brachyuran fauna now stands at 548 species, representing 37 families. Twenty new records are added through the present study. The most diverse family is the Xanthidae while the best studied is the Ocypodidae. A substantial proportion of the present records were only obtained over the last decade, with a good part of these being deep-water taxa. In addition, 47 species are now known from Kinmen (Quemoy), of which seven are not known from Taiwan proper; and 10 species have been recorded from the Tungsha Islands (Pratas Islands), of which five are not known from the main island thus far. The species endemic to Taiwan and those now known from Kinmen and Tungsha Islands are also briefly discussed. It is expected that with increased sampling, the total number of brachyuran species will still increase substantially over the years. Several nomenclatural actions are also made, notably the majid genus Thacanophrys Griffin and Tranter, 1986, is a junior synonym of Prismatopus Ward, 1933; the eriphiid genus Globopilumnus Balss, 1933, is a junior synonym of Eupilumnus Kossmann, 1877; the ocypodid subgenus Mopsocarcinus Barnes, 1967 (genus Macrophthalmus), is a junior synonym of Chaenostoma Stimpson, 1858; and the pilumnid species Galene granulosa Miers, 1884, is a junior synonym of G. bispinosa (Herbst, 1783).

Key words: Annotated checklist, brachyuran crabs, Taiwan, new record, taxonomy.

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